Accessed January 20th, 2004.

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I Media Main I Media by Decade I Media by Genre I Media Timeline

Overview of Media by Decade
The 1 9 0 0 s
1900s newsroom
At the dawn of the new century, the media consisted mainly of newspapers and various periodicals. News, entertainment and advertising were packaged into one paper, and not divided into special sections. Newspapers and magazines were limited to local and regional news as there were no extensive communication systems like we have today. Specials like the outbreak and progress of a war or government and business scandals were usually assigned to in-house reporters who would be sent on location. Go to full article ...
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The 1 9 1 0 s
1910s Hollywood 
Newspapers and magazines dominated the media in the second decade of the 20th century. Due to World War 1, the public looked for news they could trust in these sources. The war changed the relationship between the press, the public and the government. Military censorship was necessary for national security, leading to debates over the press concealing facts. Tabloid or "jazz journalism", defined by its sensationalistic approach and emphasis on scandal to sell newspapers, along with radio furthered the spread of media in America. Go to full article ...
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The 1 9 2 0 s
1920s Radio broadcast
Radio dominated the Twenties, with roughly 3 million Americans owning radios by 1923. Most listeners still used crystal sets with earphones to receive news and bulletins, advertising and music. The appeal of the spoken word attracted audiences and advertisers, while publishers were forced to improve upon its image to retain profits. Television, capable of wireless transmission of moving pictures, was first demonstrated in 1926, combining sight and sound to rival radio. Go to full article ...
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The 1 9 3 0 s
1930s Experimental TV
In 1929, The Great Depression started with the collapse of the American stock market. At the lowest point in 1933, 16 million people, or one third of the United States working population were unemployed. Many advertisers switched to radio from newspapers, spending US$60 million in radio commercials. From 75,000 sales of radios in 1921, figures rose to 13.5 million in 1930. Radio infiltrated all aspects of American life, filling it with music, news, entertainment and advertisements. Go to full article ...
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The 1 9 4 0 s
1940s Television set
Radio became the dominant form of media during and after World War II, as could provide war information much faster than newspapers, and people desired current news of the war situation and of their relatives fighting overseas. Radio was also more economical, as it was a one-time investment of a radio set. Newspapers still supplied daily information and advertising, but continued consolidation of newspapers caused the public to question whether the press was being controlled and standardised by a few press lords such as William Randolph Hearst. Despite concern, large media groups would continue to grow throughout the 1940s. Go to full article ...
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The 1 9 5 0 s
1950s Advertisement
Television was poised to dominate the media industry in 1950. There were 3.1 million television sets in American homes, and over 100 television stations operating in 38 states across the USA. Apart from being known as "The Golden Age of Television", the Fifties were also remembered as the Cold War, when fear of nuclear destruction and takeover by the Communist was strong. Cinema, radio and print media was to compete with television that seemed to give the best of both worlds: pictures and sound. With the advent of television in the 1950s, print media, radio and film were forced to rethink their approaches towards news and entertainment. Go to full article ...
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The 1 9 6 0 s
1960s Moon Landing
The 1960s were a time of political, social, cultural and psychological change. Americans were confronted with cult movements, civil rights issues, the Vietnam war, student protests…all covered by national news organizations, and more immediately television. Television's effect on politics, advertising and public perception continued to grow. In 1962, with the communications satellite Telstar I in space, followed by other satellites, news reports from around the world could be transmitted directly to a network broadcast center, giving television unprecendented power to communicate major world events real-time. Go to full article ...
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The 1 9 7 0 s
1970s Action movie 
In the 1970s, reporters took stronger roles in uncovering news. They revealed corruption in the government that lead all the way to the president. The Pentagon Papers started a legal battle between the powers of the government to protect its secrets and the press' freedom to publish information for the public good. Go to full article ...
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The 1 9 8 0 s
1980s News Camera 
There was explosive growth of the media in the 1980s, especially television. With rising costs of materials and labour, and with competition from 24-hour cable television news, many newspapers disappeared, leaving many towns with only one print voice to service them. Satellite television reported events across the world live. Cable news and subscription cable television also rose in popularity, competing with network television. Go to full article ...
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The 1 9 9 0 s
1990s The Internet
With the Internet going public, electronic publishing and chat rooms sprang up, allowing individuals to express their opinions freely to a large global audience. With minimal technical know-how, anyone could air his or her comments and views without the huge expense of traditional publishing. Still, advertising lurked nearby, searching for new ways to use new media to promote their products. Go to full article ...
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